The Family of Joseph and Mary Drake Hines

Joseph Hines (October 14, 1836- December 3, 1900) and Mary Drake (June 1847 - June 13, 1911), the roots of our family, were probably born into slavery. Although we can not be certain of their places of birth, we are sure that they lived most of their lives in Stoney Creek Township, Nash County, North Carolina.2 At some point during their young lives, they met, fell in love, and married.

The Civil War was fought between 1861 and 1865, North Carolina was the last state to join the Confederacy. North Carolina was the sight of many battles fought during the war. On 18 July 1863, General Potter led the Third New York Cavalry and Negro Troops to conduct a raid on Rocky Mount.3 It was during this time that Joseph and Mary parented their eldest son, William (June 15, 1863). These were historical times, the Emancipation proclamation was declared by President Lincoln during that year. On December 18, 1865, the addition of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution marked the abolition of slavery.

Forty acres and a mule, the customary portion of land to have been deeded to the newly emancipated citizens, was evidently not enough for Joe Hines. In addition, he purchased more than ninety acres of land from a white man, W.D. Hunter. Their first home was a two or three room log cabin located on the back portion of the farm, near a creek. Later, as the family grew (14 children), he built a two-story house on the same site as the current house that stands on the Hines Estate today.

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